Democratic constitutions provide legal instruments consisting of petitions and motions to the citizens, including elected officials, to promote public policy, seek justice and accountability,
resolve political differences and conflicts, and ensure public participation in the political process. Particularly, the motion of no confidence (motion to vacate the chair) against Speaker of parliament is considered “privileged motion” which means it has fast track to the floor of parliament for debate and voting.
Therefore, motion against the President, the Speaker and his deputies, and the Prime Minister and his Cabinet can’t be ruled out or limited.
That said, the surprise move of the top leaders of the “Executive Branch” of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) – President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed “Formajo,” the Prime Minister Hassan Ali Kheire, and the President’s Chief of Staff Fahad Yassin Dahir portrayed as the strongest one among the Trio – to remove the Speaker of the House of People (HP) of the Federal Parliament of Somalia (FPS) from Office by all means necessary including use of force, has scuttled the high aspirations and hope of the majority of the Somali people rooted for democratic system of governance effused upon the election of President Formajo on February 8, 2017.
After one year in power, the public jubilation towards President Formajo for his positive slogans and gentle demeanor positive slogans plummeted, while the deep disappointment felt towards former president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud turned into nostalgia for return.
For clarification, it is important to highlight here that the President is not part of the executive branch of the FGS under article 97 (2) of the Provisional Constitution (PC). But, the behavior of the President as member of the executive branch is symbol of the disreputable political culture enduring in Somalia.
Major International and local Media Outlets like New York Times, Washington Post, Reuters, and AMISOM Daily Media Monitoring have reported that the motion was prompted by the quick unanimous passage of the legislation not only nullifying Berbera Port and Military Base agreement between DP World, UAE owned company, and the separatist Somaliland region of Somalia, but also banning the company to operate in any part of Somalia.
The legislation included a clause prohibiting future foreign investment deals without parliamentary approval. The Upper House followed suit and approved the legislative act. As of today, no word about the president’s signing of the Act.
The African Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) described the motion as power struggle between the legislative and Executive branches of the Federal government. One explanation is President Formajo needs loyal Speaker, Prime Minister, Chief of Staff, media influence, and special security forces to consolidate his personal power.