Somalia celebrates independence day amid political and security crisis

MOGADISHU, Somalia – Friday, Somalia marked independence day, the 60th anniversary from the northern regions [Somaliland] got freedom from Britain. The commemoration comes amid the ongoing reconciliation talks with Mogadishu, which were designed by Djiboutian President Ismael Omar Guelleh.

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Somaliland was a British protectorate and became independent in 1960 on June 26, with documentary evidence showing that many people were killed as the region struggled to break the chains of the colonialists.

The northern regions merged with the South, an Italian protectorate 5 days later after gaining independence on July 1, 1960, forming the Republic of Somalia.

But in 1991, just a year after the start of the civil war, Somaliland announced that it had separated from Somalia, but the region did not obtain get recognition despite a functional government with its own parliament. and even its currency. This has been going on for three decades.

Muse Bihi Abdi, the president of the separatist region, praised Somaliland for its independence, adding that its main objective was “prosperity and progress”. The celebrations take place every year despite the status of the region.

“I address my message of congratulations to the people of the Republic of Somaliland on the occasion of the commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the independence of Great Britain on June 26, 1960,” he tweeted. “I wish more prosperity and progress to my fellow citizens of this great nation for many years to come.”

Djibouti has held talks between the two sides – the federal government of Somalia and Somaliland and a technical committee has since been formed to assess the issues affecting the two regions. Among other things, the commission is committed to resolving the problems of foreign aid and airspace, which have often caused the two regions to disagree.

Over the next 45 days, the subcommittees will submit reports to the departmental team before a final evaluation is made for tabling. It is expected that the impasse will be released after years of animosity and rivalry between Hargeisa and Mogadishu.

After the opening of talks in Djibouti, President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo expressed optimism that the two sides will agree on the integration and stability of Somalia in the years to come. But Bihi insisted that the controversial issues be resolved if Hargeisa was recognized.

“Our children and future generations deserve to lead a life rooted in the spirit of brotherhood guided by our ancestors and our leaders who led the way. It is now our historic turning point that leaves an inspiring legacy that will create a generation with a common goal, optimistic about its future, “said Farmajo.

Mogadishu celebrated the 60th anniversary of Somaliland at Villa Somalia, the official residence of President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo, a ceremony honored by Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire and the President of the Lower House Mohamed Mursal Sheikh Abdirahman.

Obviously absent from the celebrations, the president of the Senate, Abdi Hashi Abdullahi, who disagreed with Villa Somalia. Earlier this week, Abdullahi dismissed the ongoing debate on electoral laws in the lower house as “illegal”, adding that many clauses had been falsified.

The Saturday [today], the Independent National Electoral Commission [NIEC] is about to table a series of proposals in the lower house for consideration, with Somaliland’s possible representation in parliament in the next election being one of the agendas.


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