One year ago, on October 3, 2020, the Sudanese government in Juba signed a peace agreement described as “historic” with an alliance of five rebel groups from the Darfur, South Khordofan and Blue Nile regions. They agreed to deploy the armed forces in exchange for a better inclusion of their population, historically marginalized, in the sharing of wealth and the management of the country. One year later, where is its application? Did he help with peace in the country?
as reported from Nairobi, Florence Morice
Although some progress has been made recently, the implementation of the Juba Agreement is still at an early stage. Entire parts of this business are dependent on the thorny reform of the security sector that seems to have stalled. Others require significant financial resources in a country in the midst of economic stagnation.
In this context, in one year, the ceasefire has been broken several times, while we have recently witnessed an increase in inter-municipal tensions in some regions. They can be partly explained by disagreements within the rebel groups that signed the agreement. Some factions in these groups believe that they have not been consulted.
In recent weeks, the strongest protest wind has blown from eastern Sudan. The leader of the Beja tribe, one of the most influential locals, believes that the delegation that represented eastern Sudan at the signing of the Juba agreement was not inclusive and made too many concessions. Result: protesters paralyze Port Sudan, a strategic commercial lung for the country’s economy.
Since October last year, however, Khartoum has resumed talks to rally around Juba Abdul Wahid al-Nur and Abdelaziz al-Hilu, leaders of two of the country’s leading rebel groups. They refused to sign last year, which was the biggest weakness of this agreement.
► To read: Sudan: a historic peace agreement signed between the government and rebels