Towards a resumption of talks between Morocco and the Polisario front? Although all attempts to resolve this conflict have failed and negotiations with the Algerian and Mauritanian neighbors have stalled, a new UN envoy for Western Sahara should be appointed quickly. Morocco has really given its consent.
Since 2019 and the departure of German Horst Köhler, almost a dozen names have been proposed by the UN. The diplomat Staffan de Mistura was mentioned last spring and immediately validated by the Polisario Front.
The Moroccan government therefore took its time, almost 6 months, to in turn accept the proposal from Antonio Guterres. Moroccan Ambassador to the United Nations Omar Hilale said: “Morocco’s agreement stems from its permanent confidence and its constant support for the UN Secretary – General’s efforts to reach a political, realistic, pragmatic, lasting and compromise with regional disputes.”
While the Algerian – backed Polisario calls for a self – determined referendum under the auspices of the UN, a referendum since the signing of a 1991 ceasefire, Rabat, which controls 80% of Western Sahara, proposes an autonomy plan according to its sovereignty.
Staffan de Mistura passes within the UN of Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria, 74 years old, and is an experienced diplomat, his appointment as the UN Special Envoy for Western Sahara must now be approved by the members of the Security Council.