how EIGS became the preferred target for


Adnan Abou Walid al-Sahraoui was killed by a Barkhane strike on August 17, 2021. At the head of the Greater Sahara Islamic State (EIGS) group, he was named the number one enemy at the G5 Sahel summit in Pau in January 2020.

Adnan Abu Walid al-Sahraoui has really become a threat to the international community after the spectacular attack on Tongo Tongo in Niger. On October 4, 2017, attackers from neighboring Mali attacked a village in the northern part of the Tillabéri region. Men from the Nigerian Security and Intelligence Battalion (BSR) then organize the hunt before ending up in an ambush.

The elements of the Nigerian special forces and their trainers, American commands, are under enemy fire, near the city of Akabar. The struggle is of rare violence. The weaving is such that the French Mirages sent on site to help cannot shoot. The balance sheet shows eight dead, including four American coaches.

In January 2020, at the top of Pau, EIGS will officially become Barkhane’s preferred target. It is even the most important official announcement of this meeting that brings together the Heads of State of the G5 Sahel and Emmanuel Macron.

Sahelian armies in difficulty The summit is being held in a special context. The French president is intensifying his appeals to the international community to try to persuade it to fund the G5 Sahel while the Sahel’s armies are suffering serious setbacks.

In fact, in September 2019, two Burkinabè military bases – Nassoumbou and Baraboulé – were attacked simultaneously in the northern part of the country. Two months later, about fifty Malian soldiers died in the attack on their base in Indélimane, in the northeast of the country. In December 2019, it is the Nigerian base of Inates that is being foughtMore than 90 soldiers die.

These attacks are signed EIGS, in Mali and Niger, Ansarul Islam in Burkina, a group close to the Islamic State organization. France therefore decides to change gears and focus on the fight against terrorism in the area of ​​the three borders, Liptako Gourma. But this decision is not implemented immediately.

Several leaders have been neutralized in recent weeks The fact is that Barkhane continues to carry out measures against the support group for Islam and Muslims, the other terrorist group raging in the Sahel. In November 2020, Ba Ag Moussa is killed. In June last year, Abdelmalek Droukdel, one of GSIM’s thinking heads, was neutralized. These operations are carried out in northern Mali.

In reality, it is especially since the announcement of the end of Operation Barkhane that the French army has been fierce against the EIGS. In June, it launched Operation Solstice, which leads to the neutralization of several operational chiefs, such as Rhissa al-Sahraoui or Ikarey, until it reaches the top of the pyramid with Abu Walid al-Sahraoui.


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