sharp increase in violence against civilians according to a


In Mali, Minusma publishes its quarterly note on human rights violations on Monday, August 30, 2021. The United Nations Mission recorded attacks on civilians between April 1 and June 30, noting a significant 25% increase between the first and second quarters of 2021.

At least 527 civilians have been killed, injured, abducted or disappeared. The human rights department points to a general increase of 25%, compared to the previous quarter, 49% also for the dead.

Circles from central Mali are the most affected: Douentza, Djenne, Bandiagara, Niono, Mopti, Ségou and Koro, and to a lesser extent Gao and Ansongos in the north. The UN note also notes a “worrying increase in incidents linked to violent extremism in several regions of southern Mali, such as Koutiala and Sikasso, and along the border with Burkina Faso.” Areas smaller and less spared therefore.

Jihadist terrorist groups, GSIM linked to Aqmi or the Sahel branch of the Islamic State, are responsible for the vast majority of acts of violence, ie 287 cases. But UN investigators also condemn community defense groups, usually formed around traditional dozo hunters, with 157 cases. Here, too, we are talking about murder but also kidnappings for ransom. Six cases are also attributed to armed groups that have signed the peace agreement.

Security forces also attached modus operandi to jihadist terrorist groups, in addition to assassinations, improvised explosive devices or kidnappings, Minusma points to attacks on schools, with equipment burned and threats made against teachers and families of students.

In this report, the security forces are also pointed out. The Malian soldiers first, with 46 cases, or 9% of acts of violence against civilians in the country, but also regional and international soldiers, then Barkhane, the peacekeepers in Minusma, or the G5 Sahel force., Which is particularly distinguished by UN investigators, with 31 cases, or 6% of the violence observed.

Finally, the note notes that in areas where local non-aggression agreements have been signed with jihadist groups, the population has logically suffered less violence, but that they, on the other hand, have been “forced to relinquish a large number of their freedoms. Basic. “Especially women and girls, forced to wear the veil of pain from being whipped, and who are forbidden to participate” in any information-oriented program. “Residents are also subject to taxes on livestock, businesses or businesses. Harvests.


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