Timeline: Somalia, 1527-1889
The Horn of Africa has been home to Somalis since ancient times. 13th-17th centuries – Ajuran Sultanate dominates much of the Horn of Africa before collapsing into rival regional sultanates.
Timeline: Somalia, 1991-1999
1991 Jan 27, Muhammad Siad Barre, the dictator of the Somali Democratic Republic since 1969, fled Mogadishu as rebels overran his palace and captured the Somali capital.